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You searched for: mediatype:texts AND collection:PlanetaryScienceDecadalSurvey AND subject:"NASA"
[texts]Exploration of Europa - Cynthia Phillips
Europa's icy surface may hide an ocean of liquid water. We summarize the unanswered questions pertaining to Europa following the Galileo mission, and address how those questions will be answered by suggested missions such as EJSM and a lander, as well as new telescopic and laboratory measurements.
Keywords: Europa; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 51
[texts]Future Io Exploration for 2013-2022 and Beyond, Part 1: Justification and Science Objectives - David A. Williams
This white paper (revised draft) summarizes the current scientific questions regarding Jupiter's volcanic moon Io, and the scientific objectives and measurements that need to be accomplished by future exploration. (Final version with additional coauthors).
Keywords: Io; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 77
[texts]Future Io Exploration for 2013-2022 and Beyond, Part 2: Recommendations for Missions - David A. Williams
This revised white paper lists our recommendations for mission concepts and instruments to accomplish the science objectives for future exploration of Jupiter's moon Io for the decade of 2013-2022 and beyond. (Final version with additional coauthors).
Keywords: Io; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 181
[texts]Future Io Exploration for 2013-2022 and Beyond, Part 2: Recommendations for Missions - David A. Williams
This revised white paper lists our recommendations for mission concepts and instruments to accomplish the science objectives for future exploration of Jupiter's moon Io for the decade of 2013-2022 and beyond. (Final version with additional coauthors).
Keywords: Io; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 171
[texts]Future Io Exploration for 2013-2022 and Beyond, Part 1: Justification and Science Objectives - David A. Williams
This white paper (revised draft) summarizes the current scientific questions regarding Jupiter's volcanic moon Io, and the scientific objectives and measurements that need to be accomplished by future exploration. (Final version with additional coauthors).
Keywords: Io; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 236
[texts]Cryogenic Comet Nucleus Sample Return Mission Technology Study - Joe Veverka
This report documents the results of a study commissioned by the 2012 Decadal Report Primitive Bodies Panel to provide inputs to six key technological issues that need to be addressed to facilitate a Cryogenic Nucleus Sample Return (CNSR) mission and that will likely not be solved by other primitive bodies missions.
Keywords: Comets; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 143
[texts]Mars Sample Return Lander Mission Concept Study - Phil Christensen
The Mars Sample Return (MSR) concept is a campaign of three missions: a sample acquisition/caching rover mission, a lander mission to fetch the cache and deliver it to Mars orbit via a rocket, and an orbiter mission that would capture the orbiting sample (OS) container and deliver it to Earth via an Earth Entry Vehicle (EEV). A fourth component is the Mars Returned Sample Handling (MRSH) element that would include a sample receiving facility (SRF) and a curation facility...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Sample Return; Mission Concept Study; Decadal; Lander
Downloads: 104
[texts]Lunar Science with ARTEMIS: A Journey from The Moon's Exosphere to its Core - Krishan Khurana
This white paper describes the planetary science objectives to be achieved by ARTEMIS, a two-spacecraft constellation en route to the Moon and presents recommendations pertaining to future lunar science. ARTEMIS will be captured into lunar orbit in April 2011.
Keywords: Moon; ARTEMIS; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 262
[texts]A Decadal Shift: From Space Exploration Science to Space Utilization Science - William Crandall
We urge the Decadal Survey Committee, which is charged with developing "a comprehensive science and mission strategy for planetary science," to temporarily shift research priorities in the United States from space exploration science to space utilization science.
Keywords: Primitive Bodies; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 151
[texts]Lunar Science and Lunar Laser Ranging - James G. Williams
Lunar Laser Ranging studies the Moon's internal structure and properties by tracking the variations in the orientation and tidal distortion of the Moon as a function of time. Future missions to the Moon's surface should include new laser ranging instrumentation capable of improved range accuracy.
Keywords: Moon; Laser; Lunar; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 372
[texts]Future in situ balloon exploration of Titan's atmosphere and surface - Athena Coustenis
Many of the questions remaining to be addressed after the Cassini-Huygens mission require both remote and in situ exploration. Our understanding of the lower atmosphere, surface and interior of Titan will benefit greatly from detailed investigations by a montgolfiere, reaching a variety of locations
Keywords: Titan; In Situ; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 336
[texts]ATMOSPHERE AS SIGN OF LIFE - Oleksandr Potashko
Is there a feature of presence of life on a macro-level? Could we say something about life on Neptune or on Halley's Comet or on an exoplanet? Let's consider that sign of life is an atmosphere. Let's consider crustal planet. Whether planet has an atmosphere we may say that it is alive in geology.
Keywords: Signs of Life; Atmosphere; NASA; Titan; Decadal
Downloads: 145
[texts]Saturn Ring Observer Concept Study - Phil Nicholson, Matthew Tiscareno and Linda Spilker
The Saturn Ring Observer (SRO) study was requested by the Giant Planets Panel of the 2012 Planetary Science Decadal Survey (PSDS). The panel specified two study objectives: -Investigate the method(s) by which a spacecraft might be placed in a tight circular orbit around Saturn, using chemical or nuclear-electric propulsion or aerocapture in Saturn's atmosphere. The critical issue is trajectory. -Identify technological developments for the next decade that would enable such a mission in the post-...
Keywords: Saturn; Rings; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 179
[texts]Saturn Atmospheric Entry Probe Trade Study - Reta Beebe
This study found it might be possible to implement a Saturn probe mission in which a flyby carrier-relay spacecraft (CRSC) would deliver a single probe within the resource constraints of NASA's New Frontiers Program. Achievement of this goal would require a small and focused set of science objectives. The mission's science objectives, specified by the study science team, are divided into two groups: "Tier 1," essentially the science floor objectives that must be addressed to make the mission wor...
Keywords: Saturn; Atmosphere; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 198
[texts]Ganymede Orbiter Concept Study - Krishan Khurana
As part of NASA's support to the National Research Council (NRC) and its current Planetary Decadal Survey, JPL was assigned the task of developing a mission and flight system architecture suitable to perform a scientifically viable Ganymede Orbiter (GO) mission responsive to science traceability matrix (STM) requirements formulated by NASA's science panel. This report documents the results of that study...
Keywords: Ganymede; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 193
[texts]Enceladus Flyby & Sample Return Concept Studies - John Spencer
At the request of the Satellites Panel of the Planetary Science Decadal Survey, a Rapid Mission Architecture (RMA) study of possible missions to Saturn's moon Enceladus was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in January and February of 2010. Fifteen mission architectures were examined that spanned a broad range of potential science return and total estimated mission cost. This report documents the findings of that study.
Keywords: Enceladus; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 275
[texts]Small Fission Power System Feasibility Study - Lee Mason, (Study Lead), Sterling Bailey, Ryan Bechtel, John Elliott, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, Mike Houts, Rick Kapernick, Ron Lipinski, Duncan MacPherson, Tom Moreno, Bill Nesmith, Dave Poston, Lou Qualls, Ross Radel, Abraham Weitzberg, and Jim Werner
In early March 2010, the Decadal Survey Giant Planets Panel (GPP) requested a short-turnaround study to evaluate the feasibility of a small fission power system (FPS) for future unspecified National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) science missions. FPS technology was considered a potential option for power levels that might not be achievable with radioisotope power systems. A study plan was generated, and a joint NASA/Department of Energy (DOE) study team was formed...
Keywords: Fission Power System; NASA; Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 221
[texts]Mars Geophysical Network Options - Dr. Lindy Elkins-Tanton
Several trade study sessions were conducted to survey a wide range of mission architectures that could meet, to varying degrees, the National Research Council (NRC) Mars Science Panel's proposed science objectives of a Mars Geophysical Network (MGN) mission. Nine architectures in total were investigated, five of which were targeted at New Frontiers class missions. Two Discovery class missions and two Missions of Opportunity (MOOs) were also considered...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 266
[texts]Comet Surface Sample Return Mission Concept Study - Joe Veverka
The National Academy of Science's Decadal Survey (New Frontiers in the Solar System: An Integrated Exploration Strategy, 2003) recommended that NASA develop a medium-class mission to return a comet surface sample to Earth for laboratory analysis. NASA tasked the Applied Physics Laboratory to refine the concepts described in the Decadal Survey. As stated in the task guidelines: The study results will include a pre-phase A fidelity plan to implement the mission concept, evaluating the cost, schedu...
Keywords: Comets; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 322
[texts]Mercury Lander Mission Concept Study - Steven A. Hauck, II, Douglas A. Eng and George J. Tahu
The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a landed mission to Mercury. It was conducted by the JHU/APL Space Department in partnership with Marshall Space Flight Center, Glen Research Center, and Steven Hauck from Case Western Reserve University. This was conducted as a concept maturity level (CML) 3 study focusing on feasibility trades and options for concepts with a goal of determining whether such a mission could be accomplished within a Principal Investigator (PI)-led mis...
Keywords: Mercury; Concept Study; NASA; Lander; Mission; Decadal
Downloads: 408
[texts]Jupiter Europa Orbiter (component of EJSM) Concept Study - John Spencer
(Taken directly from Jupiter Europa Orbiter Mission Study 2008: Final Report [1], Section 1.) Some 400 years ago, discovery of the four large moons of Jupiter by Galileo Galilei changed our view of the universe forever. Today Jupiter is the archetype for the giant planets of our solar system, and for the numerous giant planets now known to orbit other stars, and Jupiter's diverse Galilean satellites -- three of which are believed to harbor internal oceans -- are central to understanding the habi...
Keywords: Jupiter; Europa; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 270
[texts]Io Observer Concept Study - Elizabeth Turtle
The Jovian moon Io is likely the most geologically active body in the solar system, offering insight into tidal heating, volcanic processes, and other phenomena. However, its location within Jupiter's radiation belt presents significant engineering challenges that must be addressed to enable future missions to Io. Under the direction of NASA, and with direct guidance from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Satellites Panel, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's (JPL's) Advanced Project Design Tea...
Keywords: Io; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 251
[texts]Chiron Orbiter Mission Concept Study - Marc Buie, Joe Veverka
The National Research Council's Planetary Science Decadal Survey: Primitive Bodies Panel has commissioned NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) with a rapid architecture study conducted under NASA Headquarters leadership. The purpose of the study is to determine whether a mission to orbit the Centaur Object Chiron can be achieved within a New Frontiers cost range with a limited supply of Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generators (ASRGs)...
Keywords: Chiron; Orbiter; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 306
[texts]Neptune-Triton-Kuiper Belt Objects Mission Concept Study - Mark Marley
This JPL Rapid Mission Architecture (RMA) study was not a mission concept study of a single mission, but instead was an architectural-level study of a set of missions to the Neptune system and, for some, continued travel to a Kuiper Belt Object (KBO). It was commissioned by three Planetary Science Decadal Survey Panels: Giant Planets, Satellites, and Primitive Bodies, whose diverse sets of science priorities made tailoring architectures to the science priorities particularly challenging...
Keywords: Neptune; Triton; Kuiper Belt Object; NASA; Decadal
Downloads: 284
[texts]Mars Geophysical Network Concept Study - Dr. Lindy Elkins-Tanton
The science objectives of the Mars Geophysical Network (MGN) mission study were divided into two categories: primary (the science floor that would need to be addressed to justify the mission) and secondary (additional goals that prospective principal investigators would reasonably add, given sufficient resources). By request from the Planetary Science Decadal Survey Mars Panel, this study addressed only the primary objective -- to characterize the internal structure of Mars to better understand ...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 190
[texts]Enceladus Orbiter Concept Study - John Spencer
The Enceladus Orbiter (EO) mission would explore Saturn's moon Enceladus, investigating the following in order of priority: -The nature of Enceladus's cryovolcanic activity -The internal structure and chemistry of Enceladus -The geology of Enceladus -The interaction of Enceladus with the Saturn system -The surfaces and interiors of Saturn's moons Rhea, Dione and Tethys -Preparation for potential future landing on Enceladus
Keywords: Enceladus; NASA; MIssion Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 267
[texts]Mars 2018 MAX-C Caching Rover Concept Study - Raymond E. Arvidson
The proposed 2018 Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher (MAX-C) caching rover would be a NASA-built mid-class rover that would be the first component in a Mars sample return campaign strategy. NASA is projecting to launch the proposed MAX-C rover with the European Space Agency's (ESA's) ExoMars mission on a U.S.-provided launch vehicle in mid 2018; the entry, descent, and landing systems would use the "Sky Crane" approach developed for Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) to land a pallet with both rovers ...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Sample Return; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 269
[texts]Near Earth Asteroid Trajectory Opportunities in 2020-2024 - Erik Asphaug
Near Earth objects (NEOs) are attractive targets for spacecraft missions with the purpose of obtaining greater insight to the nature of the original bodies from which the terrestrial planets formed, without having to visit the Main Belt itself. Greater knowledge of NEOs directly sheds light on the origin and evolution of the asteroid belt, the formation of planets, and the history of the solar system...
Keywords: Asteroids; NASA; Decadal; Trajectory Opportunities; Survey; Near Earth Asteroids; NEOs
Downloads: 307
[texts]Saturn Atmospheric Entry Probe Mission Concept Study - Dr. Reta Beebe
The science objectives of the Saturn Atmospheric Probe Mission Study are divided into two groups:"Tier 1," the science floor objectives that would need to be addressed to make the mission worthwhile, and "Tier 2," the next highest priority level, with objectives that prospective Principal Investigators could reasonably add, given sufficient resources. By request from the science team, this study addressed only the Tier 1 objectives: -Determine the noble gas abundances and isotopic ratios of hydr...
Keywords: Saturn; NASA; Entry Probe; Atmosphere; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 243
[texts]Trojan Tour Concept Study - Mike Brown
The purpose of this study was to define a preferred concept approach along with the risk/cost trade space for a Trojan Tour Mission launched in the 2019-2023 time frame and targeted to be within the New Frontiers mission class envelope of less than $900M in FY15 dollars. The study was conducted by a team led by Mike Brown with members of the Primitive Bodies Panel working with the JHU/APL Space Department as the design center...
Keywords: Trojan Tour; Asteroids; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 315
[texts]Mars Sample Return Lander Mission Concept Study - Phil Christensen
The Mars Sample Return (MSR) concept is a campaign of three missions: a sample acquisition/caching rover mission, a lander mission to fetch the cache and deliver it to Mars orbit via a rocket, and an orbiter mission that would capture the orbiting sample (OS) container and deliver it to Earth via an Earth Entry Vehicle (EEV). A fourth component is the Mars Returned Sample Handling (MRSH) element that would include a sample receiving facility (SRF) and a curation facility...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Sample Return; Mission Concept Study; Decadal; Lander
Downloads: 219
[texts]Mars Sample Return Orbiter Mission Concept Study - Phil Christensen
The Mars Sample Return (MSR) concept is a campaign of three missions: a sample acquisition/caching rover mission, a lander mission to fetch the cache and deliver it to Mars orbit via a rocket, and an orbiter that would capture the orbiting sample (OS) container and deliver it to Earth via an Earth entry vehicle (EEV). A fourth component is the Mars Returned Sample Handling (MRSH) element that would include a sample receiving facility (SRF) and a curation facility...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Sample Return; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 196
[texts]Venus Mobile Explorer Mission Concept Study - Michael L. Adams, Lori S. Glaze, Michael J. Amato, Charles L. Baker, and Gabriel Karpati
NASA Headquarters commissioned the Goddard Space Flight Center's (GSFC) Architecture Design Lab with a rapid mission architecture study to support the National Research Council's 2010 Planetary Decadal Survey Inner Planets Panel. The purpose of the study was to determine whether a Venus mission with surface, or near surface, mobility and realistic operational lifetime could achieve meaningful surface science at two or more independent locations separated by several kilometers on a budget compara...
Keywords: Venus Mobile Explorer; Venus; Concept; Mission Study; Decadal; NASA
Downloads: 283
[texts]Venus Climate Mission Concept Study - Dr. David Grinspoon, Michael J. Amato, Michael L. Adams, Tibor Balint
The National Research Council's 2010 Planetary Decadal Survey Inner Planets Panel commissioned the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to perform a point design study, conducted under NASA Headquarters leadership. The charge is to mature a Venus mission concept capable of studying the Venus climate within a New Frontiers cost range...
Keywords: Venus; Venus Climate Mission; NASA; Decadal; Mission Concept Study; VCM
Downloads: 516
[texts]Mars 2018 Sky Crane Capability Study - Bobby Braun
The purpose of the Mars 2018 Sky Crane Capabilities Study was to "explore the full range of science capabilities that could be delivered to the surface of Mars in 2018 by an MSL-derived Sky Crane EDL system" [1]. NASA commissioned the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to perform this study. The Planetary Science Decadal Survey Mars Panel was particularly interested in the following science pathways: a surface field geology/astrobiology pathway, a subsurface geology/astrobiology pathway and a netwo...
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal; Sky Crane
Downloads: 206
[texts]Uranus and Neptune Orbiter and Probe Concept Studies - William B. Hubbard
The purpose of this study was to define a preferred concept approach along with the risk/cost trade space for a Uranus or Neptune Mission launched in the 2020-2023 time frame and within a cost range of $1.5B-$1.9B in FY15$. The study was conducted by a team led by William Hubbard with members of both the Giant Planets and Satellites Panels working with the JHU/APL Space Department as the design center...
Keywords: Uranus; Neptune; Moons; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 516
[texts]Mars Polar Climate Concepts - Wendy Calvin
Architectural survey study sessions were conducted to explore the degree to which science objectives, related to the study of the Martian climate via the record preserved in the polar-layered deposits, could be pursued by small (Discovery-class) to moderate (New Frontier's class) missions.
Keywords: Mars; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal; Polar Climate
Downloads: 176
[texts]Titan Lake Probe Concept Study - J. Hunter Waite
This study focused on an in-situ examination of a hydrocarbon lake on the Saturnian moon Titan -- a target that presents unique scientific opportunities as well as several unique engineering challenges (e.g., submersion systems and cryogenic sampling) to enable those measurements. Per direction from the National Research Council (NRC) 2012SS Planetary Decadal Survey Satellites Panel, and after an initial trade-space examination, study architectures focused on three possible New Frontiers' class ...
Keywords: Titan; Lake; Probe; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 461
[texts]Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept Study - Chip Shearer
The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a mission to investigate the possibility of volatiles in permanently shadowed areas of the lunar poles -- the Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer (LPVE). The overall science goals and objectives were provided as guidelines by the Decadal Survey Inner Planets Panel, with the goal of determining whether such a mission could be accomplished within a Principal Investigator (PI)-led mission cost cap (i.e., New Frontiers)...
Keywords: Moon; Lunar; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Volatiles; Polar
Downloads: 253
[texts]Titan Saturn System Mission - John Spencer
Titan is a high priority for exploration, as recommended by NASA's 2006 Solar System Exploration (SSE) Roadmap (NASA 2006), NASA's 2003 National Research Council (NRC) Decadal Survey (NRC Space Studies Board 2003) and ESA's Cosmic Vision Program Themes. Recent revolutionary Cassini-Huygens discoveries have dramatically escalated interest in Titan as the next scientific target in the outer solar system...
Keywords: Titan; Saturn; Titan Saturn System Mission; NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 273
[texts]Lunar Geophysical Network (LGN) - Chip Shearer
The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a Lunar Geophysical Network (LGN) mission to the Moon. It was conducted by Marshall Space Flight Center's, Robotic Lunar Lander Development Project team in partnership with the Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). This study was documented based on previous trades, analysis and options for concepts developed by the team over the last 18 months, with a goal of determining whether such a mission could be accomp...
Keywords: Lunar Geophysical Network; (LGN); NASA; Mission Concept Study; Decadal; Lunar; Moon
Downloads: 200
[texts]Venus Intrepid Tessera Lander Concept Study - Dr. Martha S. Gilmore, Dr. Lori S. Glaze. Charles L. Baker, and George J. Tahu
The National Research Council's 2010 Planetary Decadal Survey Inner Planets Panel commissioned the Goddard Space Flight Center's (GSFC) Architecture Design Lab (ADL) to do an enhanced rapid mission architecture study, conducted under NASA Headquarters leadership. The charge was to conceive a Venus mission architecture capable of safe landing in one of the mountainous tessera regions of the planet on a budget comparable to New Frontiers...
Keywords: Venus; Venus Intrepid Tessera Lander; VITaL; NASA; Mission; Concept Study; Decadal
Downloads: 508
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